An optometrist is a doctor who has earned the Doctor of Optometry degree (OD). Optometrists are primary health care specialists, trained to examine defects in vision, ocular injuries, ocular diseases, and problems with general health that may affect the eyes like diabetes and hypertension. Optometrists offer clinical advice and can prescribe for glasses and contacts.
Optometrists must complete a four-year degree in sciences and four years of post-graduate professional training in optometry school.
Keratoconus is a progressive ocular disease in which the normally spherical cornea begins to thin creating a dome shape that bulges outward like a cone. The cone deflects light as it enters the eye causing sensitivity to light, blurred vision and vision changes.
Refractive errors mean that the shape of an eye does not bend light correctly upon entering the eye resulting in blurred images. This can be easily addressed with either glasses or contacts. The main refractive errors are myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia.
Glaucoma is a progressive vision condition that can lead to permanent vision loss. The condition damages the optic nerve, which carries the information from your eyes to the visual center in your brain.
Dilating the eye is the only thorough way to diagnose diabetic retinopathy. For this exam our doctors place drops in the patients’ eyes to dilate the pupils allowing them to examine the overall health inside of the eye, especially the retinal vessels in the periphery.